Yakovlev UT-1                

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Yakovlev UT-1

Scale 1:32
Design: Roman Vasiliev
File Size: 6.09Mb
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Price $5.97

Model # 074

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Technical data:
  Length 5.8m    
  Span 7.3 m    
  Engine 1 x M-11E, 118 kW
  Max Speed 255 km/h    
  Armament None
  Crew 1    
     The UT-1 was designed as a single-seat advanced trainer and aerobatics airplane by the team led by Yakovlev. The first prototype, designated the AIR-14, was flown in early 1936.  The AIR-14 was a small low winged monoplane with a fixed tail wheel undercarriage, with a welded steel fuselage and a wooden wing.  After some changes, the AIR-14 was accepted for production. Among other improvements, the 75 kW (100 hp) Svetsov M-11 radial changed to the more powerful 86 kW (115 hp) M-11G. The plane received the designation UT-1. The UT-1 was used as a transitional type between the UT-2 and fighters like I-16. It was not easy to fly, requiring precise piloting, thus forming an ideal intermediate between basic trainers and the maneuverable but tricky to fly I-16. In 1939 the plane was modified by moving the engine 26 cm (10 in) forward, which improved its handling. During production, the 112 kW (150 hp) M-11E engine was also used. Soviet pilots broke several records on the UT-1 before the war, some on its floatplane variant. In total, 1,241 aircraft were built between December 1936 and 1940.  During WW2 from 1941, the UT-1 was also used for reconnaissance. Some were used as improvised combat machines, after fitting with underwing machine guns or even 2 unguided rockets. In February 1942, about 50 UT-1 were converted in workshops as improvised ground attack planes UT-1B, fitted with two machineguns and 2-4 rockets. They were next used in the Black Sea aviation in Sevastopol and Caucasus. The survivors were disarmed in December 1942.





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